In 2010, RCM conducted its first reef rehabilitation project in Pangkor with coral reef ecologist Kee Alfian. Not to be confused with artificial reefs, reef rehabilitation aims to conserve coral reefs by returning a damaged ecosystem to a close approximation of its condition prior to disturbance. Our approach combines coral nurseries with coral transplanting. It involves collecting coral fragments from donor sites to be planted and grown in a nursery before transplanting them to a permanent site. The nurseries were regularly maintained to ensure that the coral transplants were free from silt and algae, resulting in a reduction in mortality rate and more effective rehabilitation. This programme has now been expanded to 12 sites in five islands across Malaysia.